History: November 7

November 7

1307 Legendary Swiss patriot William Tell is on this day said to have shot Hermann Gessler, the Austrian Governor of the Tyrol, with his trusty crossbow.

1637 Anne Hutchinson, the first female religious leader in the American colonies, is banished from the Massachusetts Bay Colony for heresy. From Anne's testimony: "If you please to give me leave I shall give you the ground of what I know to be true. Being much troubled to see the falseness of the constitution of the Church of England, I had like to have turned Separatist. Whereupon I kept a day of solemn humiliation and pondering of the thing; this scripture was brought unto me--he that denies Jesus Christ to be come in the flesh is antichrist. This I considered of and in considering found that the papists did not deny him to be come in the flesh, nor we did not deny him--who then was antichrist? Was the Turk antichrist only? The Lord knows that I could not open scripture; he must by his prophetical office open it unto me. So after that being unsatisfied in the thing, the Lord was pleased to bring this scripture out of the Hebrews. he that denies the testament denies the testator, and in this did open unto me and give me to see that those which did not teach the new covenant had the spirit of antichrist, and upon this he did discover the ministry unto me; and ever since, I bless the Lord, he hath let me see which was the clear ministry and which the wrong. Since that time I confess I have been more choice and he hath left me to distinguish between the voice of my beloved and the voice of Moses, the voice of John the Baptist and the voice of antichrist, for all those voices are spoken of in scripture. Now if you do condemn me for speaking what in my conscience I know to be truth I must commit myself unto the Lord..."

1659 The Treaty of the Pyrenees is signed, ending the Franco-Spanish war of 1648-59.

1783 The last public hanging in Britain takes place at Tyburn. Forger John Austin is the last to die there.

1805 The Lewis and Clark Expedition arrives at the Pacific Ocean.

1811 1,000 Americans led by General William Henry Harrison defeat the Shawnee Indians at the Battle of Tippencanoe Creek near what is now Lafayette, Indiana.

1837 US abolitionist Elijah Lovejoy is attacked and killed by a pro-slavery mob at his printing works in Alton, Illinois.

1864 US Civil War: Last session of the Congress of the Confederate States of America.

1865 The Repeating Lighter Company of Springfield, Massachusetts manufactures the first pocket cigarette lighter, the Eire Pocket lighter.

1867 Birth: Madame Marie Curie [Marja Sklodowski], Nobel Prize-winning physicist.

1872 The US cargo ship Mary Celeste sets sail from New York on a journey which ends when it is found mysteriously abandoned the following month.

1874 The Republican party elephant is born on this date; created by Thomas Nast's political cartoon in Harper's Weekly attacking a possible third term for Republican President Ullyses S. Grant.

1876 The cigarette manufacturing machine is patented by Albert H. Hook of New York City.

1885 The Canadian Pacific Railway is completed when the last spike is driven at Craigellachie in British Columbia. The 2,980-mile transcontinental railroad starts in Montreal, Quebec, running between Montreal and Port Moody, B.C.

1893 The state of Colorado grants women residents the right to vote.

1900 Birth: Heinrich Himmler, Nazi SS leader. "...Himmler's decisive innovation was to transform the race question from "a negative concept based on matter-of-course anti-Semitism" into "an organizational task for building up the SS." Racism was to be safeguarded by the reality of a race society, by the concentration camps presided over by Himmler's Deaths Head Formations in Germany, just as during World War II the theories of "Aryan" supremacy would be established by the systematic extermination of Jews and Slavs in Poland and Russia. Himmler's romantic dream of a race of blue-eyed, blond heroes was to be achieved by cultivating an elite according to "laws of selection" based on criteria of physiognomy, mental and physical tests, character and spirit. His aristocratic concept of leadership aimed at consciously breeding a racially organized order which would combine charismatic authority with bureaucratic discipline. The SS man would represent a new human type--warrior, administrator, "scholar" and leader, all in one - whose messianic mission was to undertake a vast colonization of the East. This synthetic aristocracy, trained in a semi-closed society and superimposed on the Nazi system as a whole, would demonstrate the value of its blood through 'creative action' and achievement..."

1902 Birth: Ed Dodd, cartoonist.

1914 WW1: The Japanese capture Tsingtao, the only German base on the China coast. Japan also occupies Germany's Marshall, Marianas, Palau, and Caroline Island groups.

1915 WW1: The Italian liner Ancona, carrying 27 Americans, is sunk without warning by an Austrian submarine.

1916 President Wilson is reelected. He has repeatedly promised the American people that if reelected he will keep them out of war.

1916 Republican Jeannette Rankin of Montana becomes the first woman elected to Congress.

1917 Russian Revolution: Just before daybreak, the Bolsheviks seize the railway station, state bank, the power stations, and telephone exchange. In the evening they arrest the cabinet members meeting in the Winter Palace.

1917 Russian Revolution: The Second All-Russia Congress of Soviets proclaims the establishment of Soviet power.

1918 Weimar: Kurt Eisner proclaims a republic in Bavaria. Eisner, a Bohemian Jewish journalist and the leader of the Independent ('minority') Social Democrats in Munich has just been released from jail in October. (Roots)

1929 The Museum of Modern Art in New York City is opened to the public.

1933 Hitler has Goering deliver a letter to Mussolini in Rome, thanking him for his efforts on "a fair handling of international relations" and informing him of the Reich's position in respect to disarmament. (Domarus)

1933 Fiorello LaGuardia is elected mayor of New York City.

1933 The German-Christian movement publicly announces its total acceptance of National Socialist totalitarian dogma at a large rally in the Berlin Sportspalast.

1936 Spanish Civil War: The so-called International Brigade, composed primarily of Socialists and Communists, arrives in Madrid and a battle for the city begins.

1938 Death: Ernst von Rath, Third Secretary of the German Embassy in Paris; shot by Herschel Grynszpan, a seventeen-year-old Jewish youth whose family had been expelled from Germany to Poland on October 28. Note: This was not the first assassination of a Nazi official by a Jew. Wilhelm Gustloff had previously been killed by a Jewish assassin in Switzerland. (Architect)

1939 WW2: Queen Wilhemina of the Netherlands and King Leopold of Belgium issue a plea for peace to England and France.

1939 WW2: Hitler postpones his attack on the west, which was scheduled for November 12. This postponement will be repeated 15 times until May 10, 1940.

1940 Only four months after its completion, the Tacoma Narrows Bridge in Washington State, then the third longest suspension bridge in the world, sways itself into a complete collapse. No one is injured.

1942 WW2: British forces enter Mersa Matruh, but most of Rommel's divisions have already slipped away.

1944 WW2: General de Gaulle, as leader of the Free French forces, summons the first session of the new French National Assembly.

1944 WW2: President Roosevelt is reelected for an unprecedented fourth term, with Harry S Truman as Vice President.

1946 A coin-operated television receiver is displayed in New York City. Folks drop in a quarter to sneak a peak at various test patterns and a model of Felix the Cat.

1956 The UN General Assembly adopts a resolution calling upon Britain, France and Israel to withdraw their troops from Egypt immediately.

1962 Richard M. Nixon, who has failed in a bid to become governor of California, holds what he calls his 'last press conference,' telling reporters, "You won't have Nixon to kick around anymore."

1967 President Johnson signs a bill establishing the Corporation for Public Broadcasting.

1972 US President Richard Nixon is reelected for a second term, in a landslide over Democrat George McGovern.

1973 US and Egypt announce restoration of full diplomatic links for the first time since the 1967 Six-Day War.

1983 A bomb explodes in the US Capitol, causing heavy damage just outside the Senate chamber but no injuries.

1985 Colombian troops end a 27-hour siege of Bogota's Palace of Justice by 35 M-19 guerrillas. 11 Supreme Court judges are among the 100 people killed.

1987 Tunisian President Habib Bourguiba, in office since independence in 1956, is overthrown in a bloodless coup.

1987 Judge Douglas H. Ginsburg asks President Reagan to withdraw his nomination to the US Supreme Court, citing the clamor that has arisen over Ginsburg's admission that he had smoked marijuana on occasion.

1989 The East German government resigns after pro-democracy protests.

1990 The European Commission in Brussels rules that carrots are fruit, because they can be made into jam.

1990 Mary Robinson is elected in Ireland's first presidential election in 17 years, becoming the country's first woman president.

1991 NATO leaders approve an unprecedented formal link with their former East European foes and adopt a new post-Cold War strategy.

1992 Death: Alexander Dubcek, Czech leader who had sought to install "socialism with a human face" in the Prague Spring of 1968, from injuries suffered in a car crash.

1995 Three US servicemen plead guilty in a courtroom on the Japanese island of Okinawa to conspiring to abduct and rape a 12-year-old girl.

1996 US Secretary of State Warren Christopher announces his resignation, starting President Clinton's process of assembling a second-term cabinet.

1997 The US jobless rate drops to 4.7, the lowest since October 1973.

2000 Republican George W. Bush and Democrat Al Gore wind up in practically a dead heat as their is considerable election turmoil over the disputed Florida vote. After calling Bush and conceding the election, Gore soon changes his mind, calls bush back, and 'unconcedes.' It just may take a bit to sort this thing out.

2001 Prime Minister Tony Blair insists that his global activity for the war on terrorism does not mean domestic issues such as crime, health and education are being neglected.

2001 British PM Tony Blair flies on the Concorde and meets with US President George W. Bush. At a Washington press conference Blair says, "the strategy has to encompass more than air strikes...there are other operations we will mount." Bush adds, "slowly but surely the Taliban is crumbling."

2001 US jets resume bombing in northern Afghanistan, targeting Taliban positions near the country's northeastern border with Tajikistan.

2001 The anti-Taliban Northern Alliance claims new victories in the battle for the northern Afghanistan city of Mazar-e-Sharif. A Northern Alliance spokesman declares, "We hope to reach the gates of Mazar tonight."

2001 US government officials release a photo of the "We Are Watching" leaflets dropped over Afghanistan.

2001 A 911 call from a dying postal worker is released.







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